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6 Mar 2011

by Dave

Javascript compilation for SBT

Over the weekend I knocked up a little SBT plugin to wrap up the Javascript resources in our Lift projects and deploy them as one big minified file. Read on to find out how it works, then grab yourself a copy and take it for a spin.

The plugin scans your webapps directory and looks for files with the extensions .jsm or .jsmanifest. These files, called Javascript Manifests, describe lists of Javascript sources that should be combined into a single file. For example:

# You can specify remote files using URLs...

http://code.jquery.com/jquery-1.5.1.js

# ...and local files using regular paths
#    (relative to the location of the manifest):

lib/foo.js
bar.js

# Blank lines and bash-style comments are also supported

Manifest compilation happens in two phases: first, the plugin downloads and caches any remote scripts specified using URLs. Second, it feeds all of the sources (remote and local) into Google’sClosure Compiler, which concatenates them and minifies everything (and provides excellent services like static type checking to boot). The output from the compiler is a .js file with the same base name and relative path as the original manifest.

There’s not a lot more to it than that. The plugin hooks into SBT’s standard compile and package phases, so your Javascript gets rebuilt automatically alongside your Scala code. If this sounds useful to you, please feel free to grab a copy and take it for a spin. Full details are available in the README on Github.

I should point out that there are other useful SBT plugins that do a similar job. For example, I plagiarised extensively from Jon Hoffman’sYUI Compressor plugin and Luke Amdor’s Coffee Script plugin when writing my code. These two particular examples don’t do file combination, though, and that was an important feature for our specific use case.

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